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Illinois Agriculture

Illinois Agriculture

A leader of the agricultural pack, Illinois plays a key role in providing food for the U.S. and the world. The Prairie State ranks at the top for several of the nation’s most important commodities, including soybeans, corn and swine, as well as a leader in several specialty crops, such as pumpkins, buckwheat, horseradish and Christmas trees.

Illinois’ driven farmers produce these commodities on 72,200 farms, each averaging about 358 acres in size, which span nearly 27 million acres across the state. Their efforts generate more than $19 billion for Illinois’ economy annually. Farmers benefit from Illinois soil, as the state has some of the richest and most productive soil in the world. Illinois is home to more than 15,000 different soil types.

Homegrown by Heroes in Illinois

Homegrown by Heroes aids Illinois' farmer veterans.

Illinois Agritourism Educates Visitors in Entertaining Ways

Illinois' agritourism industry brings fun to the farm, while teaching people about the importance of agriculture.

Illinois Agriculture by the Numbers



Farmers Markets


Economic Impact


Source: NASS (National Agricultural Statistics Service), USDA

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Centennial and Sesquicentennial Farms Celebrate Agriculture, Family History

Illinois family celebrate their generational farms through the Department of Agriculture's centennial program.

An Overview of Illinois Agriculture Facts and Statistics

From corn and soybeans to pork and ethanol, Illinois' diverse agriculture industry significantly impacts the state's economy.

Pumpkins, Melons and Horseradish Among Illinois’ Specialty Crops

While Illinois is an agricultural leader in soybeans and corn, the state also produces other specialty crops including pumpkins and horseradish.

Breaking the Mold: Old Dairy Farm Turns to Artisan Cheese

A dairy farming family finds a way to stay in business by moving from milk production to Jersey cheese.

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