Did you know that you can tell whether an egg is fresh or stale by dropping it in water? A fresh egg will sink, but a stale one will float. Here are some more farm facts about eggs.

Farm Facts about eggs for May's National Egg Month

  • Eggs contain all the essential protein, minerals and vitamins, and egg yolks are one of the few foods that naturally contain Vitamin D.
  • Eggs are good for your eyes because they contain lutein, which helps prevent age-related cataracts and muscle degeneration.
  • An egg shell can have as many as 17,000 pores over its surface.
  • The edible part of a chicken’s egg is approximately 74 percent water, 12 percent protein and 11 percent fat.
  • China produces about 160 billion eggs per year, making it the largest egg producer in the world.
  • There are roughly 280 million laying birds in the United States, and each produces 250 to 300 eggs a year.
  • A chef’s hat is said to have a pleat for each of the many ways you can cook eggs.
  • About 60 percent of eggs produced in the U.S. are used by consumers, and about 9 percent are used by the foodservice industry.
  • Egg shell and yolk color can vary, and the color has no relation to egg quality, flavor, nutritive value, cooking characteristics or shell thickness.
  • The breed of the hen determines the color of the egg shell, and it can range from white to deep brown. Among commercial breeds, hens with feathers and ear lobes lay white-shelled eggs and hens with red feathers and ear lobes lay brown-shelled eggs.
  • Because breeds that lay brown eggs are typically slightly larger birds, they require more food, making brown eggs usually more expensive than white.
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Sources:
Did You Know: Eggs
How Stuff Works
American Egg Board

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