1. Cattle and Calves
In 2015, Missouri’s cattle and calves brought in $2 billion in annual cash receipts. The state is home to more than 3 million cattle and calves, concentrated mostly in the southwest and south-central regions.
Pork represents about 42 percent of all meat eaten in the world. Missouri is home to over 3 million hogs, and in 2015, they brought the state $939 million in annual cash receipts.
WHAT ARE CASH RECEIPTS? Defined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Economic Research Service, cash receipts refer to the total amount of crops or livestock sold in a calendar year.
Field corn, which is different from the sweet corn we eat, is used to feed livestock, make ethanol fuel, and in many other products including plastic and paper. In 2015, Missouri’s corn crop generated annual cash receipts totaling over $1.8 billion.
Hay, a primary food source for the state’s cattle and horses, is also one of its most valuable crops. Missouri’s hay crop earned the state an estimated $155 million in 2015.
About 675 million pounds of turkey are consumed during Thanksgiving every year in the U.S. Turkeys are a large poultry segment in Missouri, with annual cash receipts totaling $486 million in 2015.
6. Chicken Eggs
U.S. poultry farms provide about 10 percent of the world’s egg supply, or 75 billion eggs each year. Missouri eggs earned annual cash receipts worth approximately $421 million in 2015.
7. Broiler Chickens
Missouri poultry farms are home to 293 million broilers, or chickens raised for meat, which brought in $761 million in 2015. Missouri is home to several big names in poultry, including Cargill and Tyson Foods.
8. Milk and Dairy Products
A dairy cow produces about 350,000 glasses of milk in its lifetime. Missouri dairies produce more than 1 billion pounds of milk each year. The state’s dairy and milk segment earned nearly $249 million in annual cash receipts in 2015.
Rice is cultivated in more than 100 countries and on every continent except Antarctica. Missouri farmers harvest more than 230,000 acres of rice yearly. Their total crop for 2015 brought the state $162 million.
Soybeans are predominantly used for animal feed and biodiesel production, but they are also an important ingredient in crayons. In fact, just 1 acre of soybeans can make 82,368 crayons. Cash receipts totaled more than $1.89 billion in 2015.