Articles, facts & infographics about New Mexico Agriculture | Farm Flavor
Home New Mexico Agriculture

New Mexico Agriculture

New Mexico Agriculture

Agriculture is deeply rooted in New Mexico. The Mogollon people grew corn, squash and beans in the state about 2,500 years ago, while Native Americans, Spanish explorers and Anglo pioneers brought unique agricultural commodities still present today. Home to 23,800 farms and 43.9 million acres of farmland, New Mexico’s top commodities include beef cattle and calves, pecans, hay, sheep, onions, chiles, greenhouses and nursery products, cotton, and corn. New Mexico consistently ranks as one of the top three pecan-producing states, and it has some of the largest dairy herds in the nation.

The Land of Enchantment has a typical desert climate with lots of sun, wide temperature ranges and plentiful wind. Most farms are irrigated due to the dry climate. A diverse growing season ranges from 60 days in the north to 110 days in the Rio Grande. New Mexico is geographically diverse and divided into four geographic regions. It also houses seven life zones, each featuring animals and plants that grow and live in certain temperatures and elevations.

Shop New Mexico’s Enchanting Holiday Gift Guide

Just in time for the holidays.

Green Chile Cheeseburgers are a New Mexico Staple

New Mexico State Fair seeks out top contenders to crown the winner of their Green Chile Cheeseburger Challenge.

New Mexico Agriculture by the Numbers



Farmers Markets


Economic Impact


Source: NASS (National Agricultural Statistics Service), USDA

Recent Articles

NMSU’s Modern Dairy Farming Program Brings the Students to the Cows

The U.S. Dairy Education and Training Consortium helps students prepare for careers in the dairy industry in New Mexico and beyond.

How Bonnie Plants Ensures Successful Growing at a Young Age

Bonnie Plants helps kids get involved in agriculture at a young age through its cabbage program.

Other Articles

Enchanted AgriCulture, Food & Cuisine 2019

A guide to New Mexico's food and farms, Enchanted AgriCulture, Food & Cuisine is published in partnership with the New Mexico Department of Agriculture and features stories...

Three New Mexican Innovations That Are Paving the Way for the...

New Mexico's agriculture industry embraces new technology to improve efficiency and yield.

The Future of Chile in New Mexico is Looking Especially Hot

New Mexico chile packs dynamic flavor at any time of day.

These Twin Brothers Are Reinventing New Mexican Cuisine

The Thomas brothers of El Pino Restaurant & Cantina carry on the family tradition.

Pecos Valley Pecans Preps the Disabled Community for the Workforce

Providing care and services for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities since its establishment in 1973, CARC, INC. is also proud to be part of New Mexico’s vibrant agriculture industry with the widely successful Pecos Valley Pecans.

How New Mexico is Keeping USA Beef Local and Accessible for...

Within just a year of operation out of Roswell, USA Beef expanded into bison meat and has locked in a sizable 2019 contract for bison processing.

Popular Posts

Send this to a friend