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New Mexico Agriculture

New Mexico Agriculture

Agriculture is deeply rooted in New Mexico. The Mogollon people grew corn, squash and beans in the state about 2,500 years ago, while Native Americans, Spanish explorers and Anglo pioneers brought unique agricultural commodities still present today. Home to 23,800 farms and 43.9 million acres of farmland, New Mexico’s top commodities include beef cattle and calves, pecans, hay, sheep, onions, chiles, greenhouses and nursery products, cotton, and corn. New Mexico consistently ranks as one of the top three pecan-producing states, and it has some of the largest dairy herds in the nation.

The Land of Enchantment has a typical desert climate with lots of sun, wide temperature ranges and plentiful wind. Most farms are irrigated due to the dry climate. A diverse growing season ranges from 60 days in the north to 110 days in the Rio Grande. New Mexico is geographically diverse and divided into four geographic regions. It also houses seven life zones, each featuring animals and plants that grow and live in certain temperatures and elevations.

Green Chile Cheeseburgers are a New Mexico Staple

New Mexico State Fair seeks out top contenders to crown the winner of their Green Chile Cheeseburger Challenge.

How New Mexico Farmers are Transitioning to Organic Farming

New Mexico Organic Program offers an easy transition for farmers.

New Mexico Agriculture by the Numbers

Farms

24,721

Farmers Markets

69

Economic Impact

$2.5B

yr.
Source: NASS (National Agricultural Statistics Service), USDA

Recent Articles

New Mexico Conservation Program is Recognized as a Nationwide Model

Farmers across the country learn from the Restore New Mexico Program to solve challenges in agriculture and improve conservation practices.

Innovative Ag Education Programs Prepare Youth for the Future

New Mexico provides inspiring ag education programs for the next generation of farmers to thrive.

Other Articles

New Mexico’s Dairy Industry Succeeds Through Innovative Practices

With close to 150 dairies and the largest average herd size in the nation, let's raise a glass to New Mexico's booming dairy industry.

Cattle Ranching Family Finds Success Working Together

Most ranches in New Mexico are owned and operated by multigenerational families, just like the Clavel family in Roy, New Mexico.

What’s in Season? New Mexico Produce Calendar

Use this helpful New Mexico produce calendar to find out when your favorite fruits and vegetables are in season.

Enchanted AgriCulture, Food & Cuisine 2017

A guide to New Mexico's food and farms.

New Mexico Green Chile Gains National Following

New Mexico green chile gains a national following.

Elephant Butte Dam Delivers Water New Mexico Farms

Elephant Butte Dam skillfully delivers water to southern New Mexico farms.

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