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New Mexico Agriculture

New Mexico Agriculture

Agriculture is deeply rooted in New Mexico. The Mogollon people grew corn, squash and beans in the state about 2,500 years ago, while Native Americans, Spanish explorers and Anglo pioneers brought unique agricultural commodities still present today. Home to 23,800 farms and 43.9 million acres of farmland, New Mexico’s top commodities include beef cattle and calves, pecans, hay, sheep, onions, chiles, greenhouses and nursery products, cotton, and corn. New Mexico consistently ranks as one of the top three pecan-producing states, and it has some of the largest dairy herds in the nation.

The Land of Enchantment has a typical desert climate with lots of sun, wide temperature ranges and plentiful wind. Most farms are irrigated due to the dry climate. A diverse growing season ranges from 60 days in the north to 110 days in the Rio Grande. New Mexico is geographically diverse and divided into four geographic regions. It also houses seven life zones, each featuring animals and plants that grow and live in certain temperatures and elevations.

Homegrown by Heroes Allows Veterans to Continue Service Through Farming

The Homegrown by Heroes program helps veterans serve their country in a different way – through farming.

Triple Crown Winners are Born and Bred From New Mexico’s Horse...

New Mexico horse racing not only impacts the state’s economy, providing a great number of jobs, but also serves as a cornerstone of the state’s culture.

New Mexico Agriculture by the Numbers

Farms

24,721

Farmers Markets

69

Economic Impact

$2.5B

yr.
Source: NASS (National Agricultural Statistics Service), USDA

Recent Articles

New Mexico’s Top 10 Agriculture Commodities

A glimpse at the Land of Enchantment’s leading ag products

NMSU’s Modern Dairy Farming Program Brings the Students to the Cows

The U.S. Dairy Education and Training Consortium helps students prepare for careers in the dairy industry in New Mexico and beyond.

Other Articles

Enchanted AgriCulture, Food & Cuisine 2019

A guide to New Mexico's food and farms, Enchanted AgriCulture, Food & Cuisine is published in partnership with the New Mexico Department of Agriculture and features stories...

Three New Mexican Innovations That Are Paving the Way for the...

New Mexico's agriculture industry embraces new technology to improve efficiency and yield.

The Future of Chile in New Mexico is Looking Especially Hot

New Mexico chile packs dynamic flavor at any time of day.

These Twin Brothers Are Reinventing New Mexican Cuisine

The Thomas brothers of El Pino Restaurant & Cantina carry on the family tradition.

Pecos Valley Pecans Preps the Disabled Community for the Workforce

Providing care and services for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities since its establishment in 1973, CARC, INC. is also proud to be part of New Mexico’s vibrant agriculture industry with the widely successful Pecos Valley Pecans.

How New Mexico is Keeping USA Beef Local and Accessible for...

Within just a year of operation out of Roswell, USA Beef expanded into bison meat and has locked in a sizable 2019 contract for bison processing.

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