Photo courtesy of Rob Mattson

In May 2018, the United States Department of Transportation Secretary Elaine L. Chao announced 10 Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Integration Pilot Program (IPP) sites representing a mix of states, cities and tribes.

The purpose of the program is to accelerate safe UAS (drone) integration into the national airspace system by identifying ways to balance local and national interests related to drone integration, improving communications with local, state and tribal jurisdictions, addressing security and privacy risks and accelerating the approval of operations that currently
require special authorizations.

The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma was one of the 10 IPP sites selected, the only tribal government-led participant. The Choctaw Nation entered into a strategic partnership with the Noble Research Institute.

The program focuses on typical rural and agricultural community applications of drone technology, addressing safety and public stakeholder concerns.

Additionally, the unique partnership with Noble is facilitating analyses of the practical applications of drone technology in agriculture. This includes viability for various applications and assessing potential return on investment (ROI) for a typical agricultural producer.

Photo courtesy of Rob Mattson

Drones in Agriculture: Are They Practical?

There is a modern adage about technology called Amara’s Law stating, “[We] tend to overestimate the effect of a technology in the short run and underestimate the effect in the long run.” This describes the emergence of small drones. Drones have emerged on the public stage within the last decade with a mixture of enthusiasm, hype and concern.

In 2013, the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) published an economic forecast including a prediction around 80% of the civil market for drones would be for agricultural purposes, approximately 10 times the predicted market size for public safety applications. The full report is available at auvsi.org/our-impact/economic-report.

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See more: How Drones are Improving Farming Operations

This forecast heightened interest in the agricultural industry and spawned early investments and startups each seeking to “cash in” on the agricultural market for drone technology. Unfortunately, many of these initial endeavors lacked insight into the practical economics of agricultural production and lacked involvement of subject matter experts from the agricultural community.

The Noble Research Institute, with its rich history of agricultural demonstrations and research, takes great pride in capitalizing on opportunities to further such a potentially powerful piece of technology for the agricultural industry.

This strategic partnership will allow Noble the opportunity to use the practical knowledge that producers provide to help steer the policies regulating UAS in the agricultural space.

Potential Benefits

The Noble Research Institute is predicting two types of benefits for drone technology within
an agricultural production environment: improvements in efficiencies (yields, profits, etc.) and improvements in safety within the agricultural environment.

A common saying about drone technology is that it can help address the four Ds: dull, dirty, dangerous and difficult tasks. Agriculture is among the 10 most dangerous occupations in the country, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Choctaw Nation’s UAS program began with the idea agricultural worker safety could be improved by using drones to accomplish specific tasks.

See more: Drones are Farming of the Future

Remotely Rebaiting Feral Hog Traps

An early demonstration involved using drones to remotely rebait traps for feral hogs (in this case the feral hog trap used was the BoarBusterTM). In August 2018, a drone (developed and flown by Oklahoma State University) remotely delivered 10 pounds of ordinary dried corn to a feral hog trap several thousand feet away from the drone operator. The mission was successfully repeated several times with an accurate delivery in the trap each time.

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The feral hog trap rebait mission was selected not to demonstrate a value for ROI, but rather to demonstrate a potential class of applications to possibly reduce exposure to workplace hazards. In this example, the use of a drone would reduce the need for a worker to travel to perform a relatively routine and simple (but dull, dirty and dangerous) task.

See more: How Farmers and Startups Working Together on Technology Innovations

A large number of accidents within an agricultural producer’s environment occur as a result of travel within remote agricultural properties. If the amount of travel and movement can be minimized, then it may reduce the likelihood of injuries to farm workers.

Of course, this is based on the assumption that drones can be safely integrated into the airspace and safety issues can be effectively managed. The Noble Research Institute is addressing some of these safety issues as part of the program, and they are encouraged and optimistic about the early results.

Drones Could Count Cows

The Noble Research Institute is encouraged by the potential applications of drone technology in agriculture that were mostly ignored when the initial drone industry forecasts emerged.

Although the overwhelming majority of early drone companies focused on crop applications, Noble is recognizing significant benefits for herd management. These applications range from using artificial intelligence and computer vision to accurately count and inventory herd animals to using a variety of sensors to help locate lost members of a herd quickly and efficiently.

– James Grimsley, Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma senior technology consultant, and Dilon Payne, Technical program manager, ag technology

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