1. Cattle and Calves
The inventory of Oklahoma cattle and calves totaled 5.1 million head on Jan. 1, 2018, up 2 percent from last year’s inventory. Oklahoma accounts for 5 percent of the total U.S. inventory. Cattle and calves brought the state $3.1 billion in annual cash receipts.
FARM FACT: In the wintertime, mature beef cows with an average body type should eat about 25 to 30 pounds of dry hay or its equivalent per day to get required energy needs.
There are 2.2 million hogs in Oklahoma and 1,947 farms produce hogs. The production and processing segments of Oklahoma’s pork industry provide more than 12,000 jobs and are worth $473.3 million. Hogs brought in $831.2 million in annual cash receipts.
WHAT ARE CASH RECEIPTS? Defined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Economic Research Service, cash receipts refer to the total amount of crops or livestock sold in a calendar year.
Approximately 210 million broiler chickens were produced on Oklahoma farms in 2016, generating $651.6 million in annual cash receipts.
Approximately 2.9 million acres of wheat were harvested for grain in Oklahoma in 2017, resulting in a production of 98.6 million bushels of the crop. Wheat brought the state $421.5 million in annual cash receipts.
Cotton is predominantly grown in the southwest corner of Oklahoma, with some acreage found in the north-central portion of the state. There are 24 regulated cotton gins located across Oklahoma to handle the harvested bales. Cotton brought in $195.8 million in annual cash receipts.
6. Hay – $128.5m
In 2017, Oklahoma farmers produced roughly 6 million tons of hay, including 868,000 tons of alfalfa hay. Hay generated $128.5 million in annual cash receipts.
In Oklahoma, corn is harvested for either grain or silage, with most of the grain going to dairies, feedlots and poultry operations. In 2017, around 38.4 million bushels were produced, with a yield of 126 bushels per acre. Corn brought the state $125.2 million in annual cash receipts.
8. Soybeans – $121.9
In 2017, Oklahoma soybean farmers harvested a total of 640,000 acres, breaking the 2010 record by 165,000 acres. With a yield of 29 bushels per acre, unchanged from 2016, soybean production totaled 18.56 million bushels. This production total breaks the 2016 state record of 13.6 million bushels. Soybeans brought in $121.9 in annual cash receipts.
9. Dairy Products & Milk
Oklahoma’s annual milk production in 2016 totaled 692 million pounds, and the state’s milk cow inventory as of Jan. 1, 2018, was 39,000 head. Dairy products and milk generated $121.4 million in annual cash receipts.
10. Chicken Eggs
Oklahoma ranks 21st in the nation for egg production value, and the egg industry creates and supports 535 jobs in the state. The average number of laying hens in 2017 was 2.89 million birds with an average of 239 eggs per layer. Chicken eggs brought the state $79.1 million in annual cash receipts.
FARM FACT: A large-size egg supplies 12.6 percent of the Daily Reference Value for protein.