1. Greenhouse & Nursery
The state ranks first nationally for potted florist azaleas, and horticulture is one of Oregon’s top exports with production value of $909.5 million.
2. Cattle and Calves
Oregon is home to more than 1 million cattle and calves and has a production value of $701.1 million. Most beef cattle farms can be found in the southeastern, northeastern and central parts of the state, and the top counties for raising cattle are Malheur, Klamath, Harney, Baker and Lake.
Oregon farmers harvest over 1 million acres of hay with a production value of $661.3 million. The state grew 420,000 acres of alfalfa hay, which has higher levels of protein, and 710,000 acres of all other types of hay.
4. Milk & Dairy Products
The state’s 124,000 head of dairy cows produce over 2 billion pounds of milk each year. Oregon has approximately 230 dairy farms and consistently ranks among the top five states in the nation for milk quality. This commodity has a production value of $469.3 million.
5. Grass Seed
With its 1,500 grass seed growers, Oregon produces more cool-season forage and turf grass than anywhere else in the world. Grass seed has a production value of $436 million. Lawns, parks, sports fields and golf courses are among the many places that rely on Oregon grass seed.
In 2016, Oregon farms harvested 38,900 acres of potatoes in the five potato-producing districts: Blue Mountain, Central Oregon, Klamath, Malheur and Willamette Valley. Potatoes grown in northeastern Oregon are primarily used for French fries and other processed potato products. They have a production value of $187 million.
Wheat has a production value of $185.9 million. Grown primarily in the Columbia plateau, the state’s 797,000 acres are picked when they are produce more than 50 million bushels of wheat, and the industry’s export value is estimated at $131 million.
Oregon ranks second in the nation for pear production, growing 52,860 tons of Bartlett pears and 146,660 tons of other varieties in 2016 that included Anjou, Bosc and Comice. Pears have a production value of $181.5 million.
Oregon is a leading wine-grape-producing state, ranking sixth in the nation. In 2016, the state produced 67,000 tons of wine grapes on 23,000 acres. Oregon’s wine production takes place all over the state with a concentration of wineries in the Willamette Valley. Grapes for wine have a production value of $143.4 million.
Most of the nation’s onion production takes place in Oregon’s Malheur County, which is in the eastern part of the state along the Snake River. Onions have a production value of $125.3 million. The state grew 18,500 acres of onions in 2016.