Soybeans are planted on more acres than any other row crop in Tennessee, with more than 1 million acres grown annually since 1967. In 2017, the state’s farmers harvested a record soybean crop of 50 bushels per acre across almost 1.7 million harvested acres. Soybeans generated $680.3 million in annual cash receipts.
2. Cattle and Calves
Beef cattle are produced in every county in Tennessee. Most of those farms are family owned and operated, and the Volunteer State is one of the top beef-producing states in the nation. Tennessee ranks 12th in the nation in beef cow numbers and 16th in total cattle. Cattle and Calves brought the state $537.2 million in annual cash receipts.
The poultry industry in Tennessee has an overall economic impact of $6.55 billion, provides more than 27,000 direct and indirect jobs, and accounts for over $438 million paid annually in state and federal taxes. Broilers brought in $443.9 million in annual cash receipts.
Tennessee ranks 17th in corn acreage in the U.S., and most recently harvested 740,000 acres for grain. The largest corn-producing counties in Tennessee are in the western and central regions of the state. Corn generated $418.9 million in cash receipts.
Growers across Tennessee harvested more than 1.7 million acres of hay in 2017, which produced nearly 4 million tons of the crop. Hay brought the state $130.7 million in cash receipts.
Growers across Tennessee harvested more than 1.7 million acres of hay in 2017, which produced nearly 4 million tons of the crop. Wheat brought in $121 million in annual cash receipts.
7. Dairy Products
The state has six commercial milk processing plants that are in Nashville, Murfreesboro, Memphis, Powell and Athens. A typical Tennessee dairy farm has a herd of about 170 milking cows, and the state is home to approximately 226 registered dairies. Dairy products generated $118.9 million in annual cash receipts.
In 2017, Tennessee produced 1,031 pounds of lint per acre from 340,000 acres harvested, for a total production of 730,000 bales. The majority of the crop is grown in the Western and Delta part of the state. Cotton brought the state $110.2 million in annual cash receipts.
The state’s farmers harvested 21,100 acres of tobacco in 2017, which produced 43 million pounds of the crop. Tennessee ranks No. 4 in the nation for tobacco production. Tobacco brought in $96.8 million in annual cash receipts.
In 2017, Tennessee had a total inventory of 235,000 hogs. Hogs generated $73.7 million in annual cash receipts.